The Grass Seed – What to Choose & How to Plant

Grass seed is easy to plant, isn’t it? What will you need to know, if desired to grow them? What kind of the grass seed is the best? … There are too many things you’d like to know.

Well, nothing is complicated if you know the way to do. Planting grass seed is too. In case you have needed to improve your green space, by growing grass, don’t ignore this rare opportunity. Here! Let’s see!!!



The majority of the shoppers rely on the toward bargain varieties to choose the grass seed due to not recognizing the difference. The common options are often Dense Shade Mix, High-Traffic Mix, Sun, Fast Grow Mix, or Shade Mix.

On the other hand, there have some that highlight for the specific region, Southern or Northern, for example. It sounds to challenge to look for a right one.

First of all, to get the right grass type, it is necessary to consider your climate. Depending on the season, the grass seed involves two main types – warm-season and cool-season.

If the warm-season category is suitable for the Southwest, lower West, and South Coast that has the long and hot summers, the cool-season grass is ideal for the moderate summers as well as the cold winter, in particular, the Midwest, Mid-Atlantic, and North.

To define the grass type in an exact way, check the label of the grass seed products because a large number of the bags can contain one more pieces. So, we will learn a bit of these two grass types before having an investment.

  • Cool-Season Grasses

Fine fescue – The shade and drought tolerance are good. The texture is fine. Plus, the fertilizer need is not more.

Kentucky bluegrass – This type is easy to recognize, thanks to the dark-green color. Not only it provides a fine texture but its cold tolerance is also good. If there are the injuries, it will quickly recover.

Perennial ryegrass – If you are finding the grass seed with the fast speed of the germination, here is an ideal option. Similar to two types above, perennial ryegrass also has a fine and glossy-sheen texture. It is noticed the foot traffic tolerant.

Tall fescue – Saying to the roof traffic tolerance, no cool-season grasses can overcome tall fescue. If it grows in cool climates, the drought tolerance is good. In comparison with the same kind of grasses, the heat resistance is high. Accordingly, you can plant it in warm-season areas or transition zones.

  • Warm-Season Grasses

Bahiagrass – In the harsh conditions like the acidic and sandy soil, bahiagrass can withstand. Even, the harsher one is still no problem because the tolerant of foot traffic is good. The normal disease cannot make them difficult. With this type, you will not worry about weeds.

Bermudagrass – This grass is easy to plant and fills quickly. It still tolerates the heat and drought. If compared to other warm-season grasses, it can even grow in the cooler temperature.

Buffalograss – Don’t require more fertilizer. The foot traffic and the texture are good. Buffalograss can tolerate the heat and cold, so it is quite drought-tough.

Centipedegrass – The growth is very slow. The sandy soil and partial shade are the good conditions for them. Furthermore, their fertilizer needs are low. It is appropriate to grow in transition zones.

St. Augustinegrass – The shade tolerance is not bad. It is easy to grow in the salty and sandy soil. It helps to minimize weeds due to forming the dense mat. The heat tolerance is impossibly defied.

Zoysiagrass – Although it grows slowly, zoysiagrass provides the thick dense mat that helps to prevent weeds. This is one of few kinds of the grass with the heaviest foot traffic, so the heat or dry conditions can develop well.


To get a new lawn, the best time to start is in autumn because this is the harmonious combination of the water and sun. Therefore, the grass seed can germinate and grow quickly. Moreover, owing to the cooler temperature, it contributes to killing other weeds.


Step #1 – Remove your old lawn

After digging up, remove the whole your old lawn. In case your garden does not grow anything before, you should also do this.

If the area is not too large ~ 150ft square or less, just need to utilize a manual sod cutter unless a flat-blade shovel is also okay. On the contrary, your green space is bigger, you can be going to have to rent a gas-powered cutter. Let’s feel secure! It is not expensive. Averagely, you only pay for $75 in a day.

Step #2 – Test the soil in your garden

It requires the grown soil, which must have the proper PH in order that grass seed can germinate strongly. Frequently, the PH can range within 0-14. The neutral PH is approximately 7.0. To plant grass, the PH should be 6.0 – 7.5.

To know the PH of the soil exactly, you may equip a soil-testing tool and then follow the instruction of the manufacturer. Particularly, mix a bit of the soil with water in a plastic vial. A moment later, the color will change. Based on the change of the color, look up the color-coded chart to determine the alkalinity and acidity of your soil.

The soil that is below 6.0 means containing more acidic. So, add a little lime so as to enhance the PH. With the mildly alkaline soil (over 7.5), you can mix peat moss to balance the PH. How will be if it is over 8.0? Well, add sulfur to decrease the PH.

Step #3 – Remove the rocks

On the soil surface, start digging up and removing the rest roots and rocks with a shovel. Continue using a garden rake to smooth until the topsoil. By this way, you will easily recognize the small stones to remove.

For the time being, take a rotary tiller to till your soil. Like that, the hard-packed positions or large clumps will not have.

Step #4 – Cover your growing area

Take a sufficient amount of the sand to cover the surface of your planting area ~ 1 inch and then till it. Also on that surface, spread out a layer of compost ~ 1 inch. Hence, to mix all, including the soil, sand, and compost, till again.

Step #5 – Improve your soil

As what we mentioned in step #2, after using the soil-test tool to determine the PH of your soil, begin to improve the land with sulfur, lime, or peat moss. If you apply either sulfur or lime to your soil, you should utilize a broadcast spreader. With peat moss, you just need a shovel to spread them.

Use the similar tool – the broadcast spreader when applying the fertilizer to the whole growing area. Remember to check its spread rate before using and then set the tool properly. For the fertilizer mixed with the soil, scratch them with a garden rake.

Step #6 – Sow the grass seed

Purchase the type of the grass that is suitable for your area. Spreading by hand will be thorough, won’t it? If worried, you can utilize a handheld broadcast. With the large planting area, you may use a walk-behind spread to save your effort and time.

For the grass seed into the land, gently rake with a plastic rake. Throughout raking, rake the short strokes with the back of the tool to avoid the seeds to redistribute.

Step #7 – Water

Have you completed to seed? It is okay! Continuously, need to water your planting area, by using a fan-spray sprinkler or an oscillating one. You likely add one more sprinklers to be able to cover the entire.

Keep in mind, continuously water within 10 days after growing. Each day waters 3 times a day and maintains for 10 minutes/ times. Don’t water more the allowed times because this will make the soil erode and wash away your seeds.

The green sprouts grew, right? Well, the watering times is only one for 20 minutes. It recommends to water in the morning so that the water can evaporate under the sun.

Once the grasses have grown to the proper length, you can consider mowing them. Don’t forget to use an herbicide to remove the growth of weeds.


How? Planting the grass seed is not difficult, is it? If you choose a right type of the grass for your planting area, it will grow in a strong and quick way. It makes sure this.

Keep what I shared above, you will certainly get a fresh green garden. Now, remember how to choose the grass seed and the steps to plant to start right away. Happy gardening enjoy!!!

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